Man remains alive so long as he can breathe. He ceases to live as he ceases to breathe. Therefore, one must be well acquainted with and have proper knowledge of how to Breathe.
One should take only wholesome food in moderation and keep ones body clean (with regular bath and avoiding constipation).
As well, one should keep mind contented and only then practice Pranayama.
Rejuvenation of the Body, Energy of the Mind, Good Health and Brilliance are obtained by keeping body pure and free of impurities.
The Pranavayu enters the body with the sound “Sa” and goes out with the sound “Aham”. Thus Life force recites the Mantra (Chant) “Soham” means,“I am He “. (Life soul is Universal Soul).
According to the position of the Wind in the body they are named as:
a. Pranavayu occupies Lungs in the chest .it is bodily center of vital activity.
b. Apanavayu occupies lower bowel and governs excretory functions.
c. Vyanavayu pervades the whole body and holds itself in all the parts.
d. Udaanavayu is ascending or so-called upward Breathing. Its position is in the Larynx.
e.Samanavayu occupies abdominal region and governs digestion and assimilation of the food. It maintains normal body heat with help of Fire element (Teja-Agni)
Original Life breath, which dwells in the chest region of our body, is called as Prana or Life.
Aayama is energizing it. So, energizing your breath and then spreading that energy all over your chest is called as Pranayama.
Pooraka – is the Inhalation of the Air.
Kumbhaka – is the Holding of the inhaled Air.
Rechaka – is Exhalation of the Air inside.
By practicing the above, with proper guidelines and techniques, one can keep away all diseases, say the wise Yogis.
Yoga experts have shown that
Ida Nadi exists in the Left side of our body.
Pingala exists in the Right side of our body.
Sushumna exists in the middle side of our body.
When and Where one should practice Pranayama:
1.In the morning at Sunrise or in the evening at Sunset before meals.
2.It must be performed in well-ventilated, nice aromatic room or place.
3.The best places for practice are in the vicinity of the Nature like banks of Rivers, Seashore or Mountains.
4.A Neem tree or a Banyan Tree Or a Peeppal Tree Or an Aegle folia (Bilva)- sitting under these trees is always beneficial for doing Pranayama. As well, in a nice garden or in the bright sun or near or under a tree with fragrant flowers or near holy basil plants gives maximum benefits of Pranayama.
When Pranayama should not be practiced:
1.When one is thirsty or tired.
2.When the stomach is full.
3.When the mind is restless.
4.When one is too sick.
5.When there are pungent or bad odors around.
6. When there is a lot of distraction and disturbance.